Agent Name

Human immunodeficiency virus

Synonyms

AIDS virus;

Category

Infectious Agents

Comments

The two phases of HIV infection are primary and chronic. AIDS-related opportunistic infections include Candida esophagitis, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, Tuberculosis, and other viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections. Associated tumors include invasive cervical cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, and lymphoma. [CDC website] "There is sufficient evidence in humans for the carcinogenicity of infection with HIV-1. Infection with HIV-1 causes cancer of the cervix, anus, and conjunctiva, and Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and Hodgkin lymphoma." [IARC Monograph 100B]

Adverse Effects
IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

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Toxicity Information

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Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: