Agent Name

Hepatitis C virus

Category

Infectious Agents

Comments

Transmission is primarily parenteral, e.g., injection drug use or needle sticks. 75% to 85% of acute infections become chronic. In chronic cases, 5% to 20% develop cirrhosis and 1% to 5% will die from cirrhosis or liver cancer. [CCDM, p. 264-6] Hepatitis C is carcinogenic with sufficient evidence in humans; it causes liver cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. [IARC Monograph 100B]

Adverse Effects
IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

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Toxicity Information

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Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: