Agent Name

Ethyl bromoacetate

CAS Number

105-36-2

Formula

C4-H7-Br-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Ethyl 2-bromoacetate; Acetic acid, bromo-, ethyl ester; Antol; Bromoacetic acid, ethyl ester; Ethoxycarbonylmethyl bromide; Ethyl alpha-bromoacetate; Ethyl bromacetate; Ethyl monobromoacetate; Acetic acid, 2-bromo-, ethyl ester; [ChemIDplus] UN1603

Category

Halogenated Esters

Description

Colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a tear gas in the past; Also used as a warning odorant in toxic, odorless gases and to make pharmaceuticals and other chemicals; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; Contact with liquid can cause corneal burns; [HSDB] A lachrymator and a strong skin irritant; [CAMEO] Highly toxic; [Quick CPC] A lachrymator--exposure to 8 ppm for more than 1 minute is unbearable; [CHEMINFO] Inhalation of high concentrations may produce acute pneumonitis and pulmonary edema; [MSDSonline] See "Ethyl chloroacetate."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

3.37 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 48 deg C; [HSDB]

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.