Agent Name

Diethylenetriamine

CAS Number

111-40-0

Formula

C4-H13-N3

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,2-Ethanediamine, N-(2-aminoethyl)-; 1,4,7-Triazaheptane; 1,5-Diamino-3-azapentane; 2,2'-Diaminodiethylamine; 2,2'-Iminobis(ethanamine); 2-(2-Aminoethylamino)ethylamine; 3-Azapentane-1,5-diamine; Aminoethylethandiamine; Ancamine DETA; Barsamide 115; Bis(2-aminoethyl)amine; Bis(beta-aminoethyl)amine; ChS-P 1; DEH 20; Diethylamine, 2,2'-diamino-; Diethylenetriamine; Epicure T; Epon 3223; Ethylamine, 2,2'-iminobis-; H 9506; Imino-bis-ethylamine; N,N-Bis(2-aminoethyl)amine; N-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine; [ChemIDplus] UN2079

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

Colorless to yellow liquid with a strong, ammonia-like odor; Note: Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs moisture from the air); [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, fuel component, and saponification agent; [ACGIH] Used in the production of epoxy resin curing agents and reactive polyamide resins; [HSDB]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] Liquid causes first degree burns on short exposure; [CHRIS] DETA can cause severe corneal injuries and sensitization of the skin and respiratory tract. [ACGIH] Allergic contact dermatitis reported in workers using ultrasonic baths, synthetic lubricants, and carbonless copy paper. [Kanerva, p. 1782] Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization or asthma. Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema. [ICSC] Prolonged inhalation can cause asthma. [CAMEO] Danger of skin sensitization; [MAK]

Reference Link

Occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by diethylenetriamine in carbonless copy paper

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

1 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.23 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 70 mg/m3/4 hr

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 101 deg C;

Reference Link

ICSC: Diethylenetriamine

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: