Agent Name

Diethylenetriamine

CAS Number

111-40-0

Formula

C4-H13-N3

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,2-Ethanediamine, N-(2-aminoethyl)-; 1,4,7-Triazaheptane; 1,5-Diamino-3-azapentane; 2,2'-Diaminodiethylamine; 2,2'-Iminobis(ethanamine); 2-(2-Aminoethylamino)ethylamine; 3-Azapentane-1,5-diamine; Aminoethylethandiamine; Ancamine DETA; Barsamide 115; Bis(2-aminoethyl)amine; Bis(beta-aminoethyl)amine; ChS-P 1; DEH 20; Diethylamine, 2,2'-diamino-; Diethylenetriamine; Epicure T; Epon 3223; Ethylamine, 2,2'-iminobis-; H 9506; Imino-bis-ethylamine; N,N-Bis(2-aminoethyl)amine; N-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine; [ChemIDplus] UN2079

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

Colorless to yellow liquid with a strong, ammonia-like odor; Note: Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs moisture from the air); [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, fuel component, and saponification agent; [ACGIH] Used in the production of epoxy resin curing agents and reactive polyamide resins; [HSDB]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] Liquid causes first degree burns on short exposure; [CHRIS] DETA can cause severe corneal injuries and sensitization of the skin and respiratory tract. [ACGIH] Allergic contact dermatitis reported in workers using ultrasonic baths, synthetic lubricants, and carbonless copy paper. [Kanerva, p. 1782] Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization or asthma. Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema. [ICSC] Prolonged inhalation can cause asthma. [CAMEO] Danger of skin sensitization; [MAK]

Reference Link

Occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by diethylenetriamine in carbonless copy paper

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

1 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.23 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 70 mg/m3/4 hr

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 101 deg C;

Reference Link

ICSC: Diethylenetriamine

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: