Agent Name

Endosulfan

Alternative Name

Thiodan

CAS Number

115-29-7

Formula

C9-H6-Cl6-O3-S

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

1,2,3,4,7,7-Hexachlorobicyclo(2.2.1)hepten-5,6-bioxymethylenesulfite; 1,4,5,6,7,7-Hexachloro-5-norbornene-2,3-dimethanol cyclic sulfite; 1,4,5,6,7,7-Hexachloro-8,9,10-trinorborn-5-en-2,3-ylenedimethyl sulphite; 6,7,8,9,10,10-Hexachloro-1,5,5a,6,9,9a-hexahydro-6,9-methano-2,4,3-benzodioxathiepin-3-oxide; 6,9-Methano-2,4,3-benzodioxathiepin, 6,7,8,9,10,10-hexahydro-; BIO 5,462; Benzoepin; Beosit; Chlorthiepin; Crisulfan; Devisulphan; Endocel; Endosulfan 35 EC; Endosulphan; Endotaf; FMC 5462; Goldenleaf tobacco spray; HOE 2,671; Hexachlorohexahydromethano 2,4,3-benzodioxathiepin-3-oxide; Hildan; Insectophene; Kop-thiodan; Malix; Niagara 5,462; OMS 570; PFF Thiodan 4E; Phaser; Rasayansulfan; SD-4314; Sialan; Sulfurous acid, cyclic ester with 1,4,5,6,7,7-hexachloro-5-norbornene-2,3-dimethanol; Thifor; Thimul; Thiodan; Thiodan 35; Thiodan 4E Insecticide Liquid; Thiodan 4EC; Thiodan 4EC Insecticide; Thiodan 50 WP; Thiodan 50 WP Insecticide; Thiodan Dust Insecticide; Thionate; Thionex; Thiosulfan; Thiosulfan tionel; Thiotox; Thiotox (insecticide); Tionex; Tiovel; alpha,beta-1,2,3,4,7,7-Hexachlorobicyclo(2.2.1)-2-heptene-5,6-bisoxymethylene sulfite; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organochlorine Pesticides

Description

Brown crystals with a slight, sulfur dioxide odor. [insecticide] [Note: Technical product is a tan, waxy, isomer mixture.]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as an insecticide on various crops including tea, coffee, fruits, vegetables, rice, corn, and sorghum; [EXTOXNET]

Comments

Classified as "highly toxic," endosulfan may be used only by certified applicators. [EXTOXNET] High-dose animal studies show that organochlorine insecticides can cause liver injury. [LaDou, p. 593] See "beta-Endosulfan."

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - ENDOSULFAN

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction and vapor

Vapor Pressure

1.0E-5 mm Hg

Half Life

No reports found; [TDR, p. 607]

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs - Endosulfan

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Other Poison

Organochlorine Pesticide

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: