Agent Name

Chlorpyrifos

Alternative Name

Dursban

CAS Number

2921-88-2

Formula

C9-H11-Cl3-N-O3-P-S

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

2-Pyridinol, 3,5,6-trichloro-, O-ester with O,O-diethyl; phosphorothioate; Bonidel; Brodan; Chlorpyrifos ethyl; Chlorpyrifos-ethyl; Chlorpyriphos; Chlorpyriphos [ISO-French]; Chlorpyriphos-ethyl; Coroban; Danusban; Detmol U.A.; Detmol ua; Dhanusban; Dowco 179; Durmet; Dursban; Dursban 10CR; Dursban 44; Dursban 4E; Dursban F; Dursban R; Equity; Ethyl chlorpyriphos; Geodinfos; Grofo; Killmaster; Lentrek; Lock-On; Lorsban; Lorsban 50SL; O,O-Diaethyl-O-3,5,6-trichlor-2-pyridylmonothiophosphat [German]; O,O-Diethyl O-(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl)phosphorothioate; O,O-Diethyl O-(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl) phsophorothioate; O,O-Diethyl O-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate; OMS-0971; Piridane; Pyrinex; Radar; Radar (fungicide); Spannit; Stipend; Suscon; Tafaban; Terial; Terial 40L; Trichlorpyrphos; XRM 429; XRM 5160; Zidil; suSCon Blue; suSCon Green; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organophosphate Insecticides

Description

Colorless to white, crystalline solid with a mild, mercaptan-like odor. [pesticide] [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Widely used in homes and on farms for cockroaches, fleas, termites, ticks, and crop pests; [ATSDR ToxFAQs]

Comments

The EPA reentry interval is 24 hours for emulsifiable concentrate or wettable powder if workers are not wearing protective clothing. Chlorpyrifos is classified as "moderately toxic." [EXTOXNET] A small number of the organophosphates (OPs) can Induce Delayed Neuropathy (OPIDN). OPIDN usually occurs after ingestion and is usually nonoccupational. [Levy, p. 431]

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - CHLORPYRIFOS

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cholinesterase activity in red cells = 70% of individual's baseline, sample time discretionary; [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction and vapor

Vapor Pressure

2.0E-5 mm Hg

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs - Chlorpyrifos

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Motor Neuropathy

Other Poison

Organophosphate

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: