Agent Name

Lead(II) chloride

CAS Number

7758-95-4

Formula

Cl2-Pb

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Lead chloride; Lead chloride (PbCl2); Lead dichloride; Lead(2+) chloride; Lead(II) chloride; Plumbous chloride; [ChemIDplus] UN2291

Category

Lead Compounds, Inorganic

Description

White solid; [Merck Index] Slightly soluble in water (9,900 mg/L at 20 deg C); [ATSDR ToxProfiles]

Sources/Uses

Used to make solder, Pattison's white lead, Verona yellow, Turner's patent yellow, and lead oxychloride; [Merck Index] Used in the production of asbestos clutch or brake linings, acrylonitrile (co-catalyst), olefin polymers (catalyst), and magnesium-lead dichloride seawater batteries (cathode); Also used as a flame retardant (wire coatings), flux (galvanizing of steel), and photochemical (printed circuit boards); [HSDB]

Comments

Dust and fumes toxic by inhalation; [HSDB] See "Lead" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Lead in blood = 200 ug/L (20 ug/100 ml); sampling time not critical; [ACGIH]

TLV (ACGIH)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

PEL (OSHA)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

Explanatory Notes

mp = 501 deg C; [ATSDR ToxProfiles]

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Neurotoxin

Motor Neuropathy

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

IARC Carcinogen

Probable Carcinogen

NTP Carcinogen

Anticipated Human Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Animal

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: