Agent Name

Carbofuran

CAS Number

1563-66-2

Formula

C12-H15-N-O3

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

2,2-Dimethyl-2,2-dihydrobenzofuranyl-7 N-methylcarbamate; 2,2-Dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-7-benzofuranyl N-methylcarbamate; 2,2-Dimethyl-7-coumaranyl N-methylcarbamate; 2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranol methylcarbamate; 2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate; 2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuranyl-7-N-methylcarbamate; 7-Benzofuranol, 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-, methylcarbamate; BAY 70143; BAY 78537; Brifur; C2292-59A; Carbamic acid, methyl-, 2,2-dimethyl-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-7-yl ester; Carbamic acid, methyl-, 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl ester; Carbofuran; Carbofurane; Chinufur; Crisfuran; Curaterr; D 1221; FMC 10242; Furacarb; Furadan; Furadan 3G; Furadan 4F; Furadan G; Karbofuranu [Polish]; Kenofuran; ME F248; Methyl carbamic acid 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl ester; N-Metylokarbaminian 2,3-dwuwodoro-2,2-dwumetylobenzofuranylu-7 [Polish]; Niagara 10242; Niagara nia-10242; OMS-864; Pillarfuran; Yaltox; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Carbamate Insecticides

Description

Odorless, white or grayish, crystalline solid. [insecticide] [Note: May be dissolved in a liquid carrier.]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used to kill insects, mites, and nematodes on field or forest crops; [EXTOXNET]

Comments

Classified as "highly toxic" or "moderately toxic" depending on the formulation, it may be used only by certified applicators. [EXTOXNET] Allergic contact dermatitis in pesticide handlers is most likely due to maneb, carbofuran, carbaryl, captan, folpet, or captafol. [Marks, p. 312]

Restricted

EPA banned all granular formulations in 1994. [EXTOXNET]

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - CARBOFURAN

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cholinesterase activity in red blood cells = 70% of individual's baseline, sample time discretionary

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction and vapor

Vapor Pressure

4.85E-6 mm Hg

Reference Link

ICSC: Carbofuran

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Other Poison

Carbamate

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: