Agent Name

Lead(II) sulfide

CAS Number

1314-87-0

Formula

Pb-S

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

C.I. 77640; CI 77640; Galena; Lead monosulfide; Lead sulfide; Lead sulfide (PbS); Lead(2+) sulfide; Lead(II) sulfide; Natural galena; Natural lead sulfide; P 128; P 128 (sulfide); P 37 (filter); Plumbous sulfide; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Lead Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Metallic black crystals; [HSDB] Slightly soluble in water (0.86 mg/L at 13 deg C); [ATSDR ToxProfiles]

Sources/Uses

Used in semiconductors, ceramic glaze, photoconductive cells, infrared detectors, transistors, humidity sensors, catalysts, mirror coatings, high-temperature lubricants, and blue pigments; [HSDB] Niello is a black alloy of sulfur, copper, silver, and lead used to decorate engraved metal, usually silver. [Britannica online] Lead sulfide dust is produced when grinding this alloy. [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html]

Comments

Toxic by ingestion and inhalation; Can cause skin and eye burns; [CAMEO] See "Lead" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Lead in blood = 200 ug/L (20 ug/100 ml); sampling time not critical; [ACGIH]

TLV (ACGIH)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

PEL (OSHA)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

Explanatory Notes

mp = 1,114 deg C; [ATSDR ToxProfiles]

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Neurotoxin

Motor Neuropathy

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

IARC Carcinogen

Probable Carcinogen

NTP Carcinogen

Anticipated Human Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Animal

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: