Disease/Syndrome

Silicosis, acute

Category

Pneumoconiosis (Pulmonary Fibrosis)

Acute/Chronic

Subacute

Synonyms

Silicoproteinosis; Silica pneumoconiosis, acute;

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Comments

Acute silicosis is rare. It develops after a brief, heavy exposure to fine silica dust with a latency period of several months. In the past the condition was observed among sandblasters and workers who tunneled through hard rock without respiratory protection. Radiographically, acute silicosis resembles alveolar proteinosis with ground glass opacities. Patients with acute silicosis rapidly deteriorate into respiratory insufficiency. [Harber, p. 382-383] [LaDou, p. 378-80] See "Silicosis, complicated" and "Silicosis, simple."

Latency/Incubation

". . . intense exposure to fine dust of high silica content over a several-month period." [LaDou, p. 379]

Diagnostic

Chest x-ray; Pulmonary function test

ICD-9 Code

502

Reference Link

OSHA - Silica

Related Information in Haz-Map
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Agents

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