Agent Name

Nickel(II) oxide

CAS Number

1313-99-1

Formula

Ni-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Black nickel oxide; Bunsenite; C.I. 77777; Green nickel oxide; Mononickel oxide; Nickel monoxide; Nickel oxide; Nickel oxide (NiO); Nickel oxide sinter 75; Nickel protoxide; Nickel(2+) oxide; Nickelous oxide; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nickel Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Green solid, insoluble in water; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in painting porcelain, electroplating, and glass coloring; Also used to make fuel cell electrodes, ferrites (e.g. NiOFe2O3), nickel salts, nickel catalysts, varistors, and propellant for automotive air bags; [HSDB] Found in the mineral bunsenite; Used in porcelain paint; [Merck Index]

Comments

May cause skin sensitization and asthma after prolonged contact; [ICSC] Danger of skin and airway sensitization; [MAK] Chronic inhalation exposures to nickel sulfides and nickel oxides were carcinogenic in the nickel refining industry. [IARC] See "Nickel oxide." See "Nickel" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.2 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as Ni

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Ni

IDLH (NIOSH)

10 mg/m3

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

NTP Carcinogen

Human Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Human

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: