Agent Name

Fenamiphos

CAS Number

22224-92-6

Formula

C13-H22-N-O3-P-S

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

1-(Methylethyl)-ethyl 3-methyl-4-(methylthio)phenyl phosphoramidate; BAY 68138; BAY sra 3886; Ethyl 3-methyl-4-(methylthio)phenyl (1-methylethyl)phosphoramidate; Ethyl 3-methyl-4-(methylthio)phenyl isopropylphosphoramidate; Ethyl 4-(methylthio)-m-tolyl isopropylphosphoramidate; Fenamiphos; Isopropylamino-O-ethyl-(4-methylmercapto-3-methylphenyl)phosphate; Methaphenamiphos; Nemacur; Nemacur P; O-Aethyl-O-(3-methyl-4-methylthiophenyl)-isopropylamido-phosphorsaeureester [German]; Phenamiphos; Phenamiphos [ISO-French]; Phosphoramidic acid, isopropyl-, ethyl 4-(methylthio)-m-tolyl ester; SRA 3886; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organophosphate Insecticides

Description

Off-white to tan, waxy solid. [insecticide] [Note: Found commercially as a granular ingredient (5-15%) or in an emulsifiable concentrate (400 g/l).]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Fenamiphos is a systemic, organophosphate nematicide used on tobacco, turf, bananas, pineapples, citrus crops, vegetables, and grains. [EXTOXNET]

Comments

Classified as "highly toxic" and may be used only by a certified applicator; [EXTOXNET] The average of two baseline respective cholinesterase activity determinations three days apart, with no exposures to enzyme inhibiting pesticides for at least 30 days, is recommended for each worker prior to exposure to cholinesterase inhibitors because of large inter-individual differences in published baseline values. To be established at least once a year. Removal from workplace exposures is recommended until the cholinesterase activity returns to within 20% of baseline. [TLVs and BEIs]

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - FENAMIPHOS

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Acetylcholinesterase activity in red blood cells = 70% of individual's baseline; Butylcholinesterase activity in serum or plasma = 60% of individual's baseline; Sample at end of shift; [TLVs and BEIs]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.05 mg/m3, inhalable fraction and vapor

Vapor Pressure

5.0E-5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 91 mg/m3/4h

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Organophosphate

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: