Agent Name

Dimercaprol

CAS Number

59-52-9

Formula

C3-H8-O-S2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,2-Dimercapto-3-propanol; 1,2-Dithioglycerol; 1-Propanol, 2,3-dimercapto-; 2,3-Dimercapto-1-propanol; 2,3-Dimercaptol-1-propanol; 2,3-Dimercaptopropanol; 2,3-Dithiopropanol; 3-Hydroxy-1,2-propanedithiol; Antoxol; BAL; BAL in Oil; British antilewisite; DMP; DMP (VAN); Dicaptol; Dimercaprol propanol; Dimercaprolo [DCIT]; Dimercaprolum [INN-Latin]; Dimercaptopropanol; Dimercaptopropanol (VAN); Dimerkaprol [Czech]; Dimersol; Dithioglycerine; Dithioglycerol (VAN); Glycerol, 1,2-dithio-; Panobal; Sulfactin; Sulfactin (VAN); alpha,beta-Dithioglycerol; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Sulfur Compounds (Alcohols)

Description

Clear to slightly yellow liquid with a pungent odor; [HSDB] Viscous oily liquid; [Merck Index] Strong, offensive odor; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chelating agent to treat arsenic, gold, and mercury poisoning; First used as an antidote to the warfare agent Lewisite; [HSDB]

Comments

Contact with eyes can cause severe lacrimation for an hour or two with no permanent damage; [HSDB] A lachrymator; [CAMEO] An irritant; Harmful if swallowed; Reproductive effects in animal experiments; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.92 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash Point > 235 deg F; [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.