Agent Name

Cyanuric chloride

CAS Number

108-77-0

Formula

C3-Cl3-N3

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

1,3,5-Triazine, 2,4,6-trichloro-; 1,3,5-Trichlorotriazine; 2,4,6-Trichloro-1,3,5-triazine; 2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine; 2,4,6-Trichlorotriazine; Chlorotriazine; Cyanur chloride; Cyanurchloride; Cyanuric acid chloride; Cyanuric acid trichloride; Cyanuric trichloride; Cyanuryl chloride; Kyanurchlorid [Czech]; Trichloro-s-triazine; Trichlorocyanidine; Tricholorotriazine; Tricyanogen chloride; s-Triazine trichloride; s-Triazine, 2,4,6-trichloro-; sym-Trichlorotriazine; syn-Trichlotriazin [Czech]; [ChemIDplus] UN2670

Category

Other Toxic Gases & Vapors

Description

Colorless crystals with pungent odor; [ICSC] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make s-triazine herbicides, insecticides, triallyl cyanurate, polyesters, optical brighteners, other dyes, plastics, pharmaceuticals, explosives, and surfactants; [HSDB] Used as a coupling agent for nucleic acids and proteins; Also used in cyanuric chloride-activated paper for capillary and electroblotting applications; [Merck Index]

Comments

A severe skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause pulmonary edema; May cause skin sensitization and asthma after prolonged contact; [ICSC] Toxic by ingestion and inhalation; [Hawley] Lachrymator; [CHEMINFO] Causes burns; Harmful if swallowed; Very toxic by inhalation; Reacts violently with water; May cause skin sensitization; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.02 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (mice) = 10 mg/m3/2h

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: