Agent Name

Ethyl chloroacetate

CAS Number

105-39-5

Formula

C4-H7-Cl-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Acetic acid, chloro-, ethyl ester; Chloroacetic acid, ethyl ester; Ethyl alpha-chloroacetate; Ethyl chloroethanoate; Ethyl monochloracetate; Ethyl monochloroacetate; Ethylester kyseliny chloroctove [Czech]; Acetic acid, 2-chloro-, ethyl ester; [ChemIDplus] UN1181

Category

Chloroacetic Acid Derivatives

Description

Clear liquid with fruity odor; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, military poison, and to make other organic chemicals; [Hawley]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause skin sensitization; [ICSC] Toxic by inhalation, skin absorption, and ingestion; [ESIS] May cause pulmonary edema; Strong lachrymator; [HSDB] No sensitizing effects known; Causes lacrimation; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.87 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 765 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 53 deg C; [ICSC]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: