Agent Name

1,3-Butanediol

Alternative Name

1,3-Butylene glycol

CAS Number

107-88-0

Formula

C4-H10-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,3-Butylene glycol; Butylene glycol; (RS)-1,3-Butandiol; 1,3-Butandiol [German]; 1,3-Butylenglykol [German]; 1,3-Dihydroxybutane; 1-Methyl-1,3-propanediol; BD; Butane-1,3-diol; Methyltrimethylene glycol; beta-Butylene glycol; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Alcohols and Polyols, Other

Description

Very hygroscopic liquid; Pure form is colorless; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate in the manufacture of polyester plasticizers; as a humectant for cellophane and tobacco; in polyurethanes and special polyester resins; in surface active agents; as a coupling agent; as a solvent; as a food additive and flavoring; in the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries as a glycerin substitute; for deicing of aircraft; [HSDB]

Comments

Toxic if ingest large amounts; [CHRIS] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] "An efficient antimicrobial agent, inhibiting gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms, molds, and yeasts." [HSDB] A mild irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.02 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 121 deg C; [Merck Index]

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: