Agent Name

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol

CAS Number

96-23-1

Formula

C3-H6-Cl2-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,3-Dichloro-2-hydroxypropane; 1,3-Dichlorohydrin; 1,3-Dichloroisopropanol; 1,3-Dichloroisopropyl alcohol; 1,3-Dichloropropanol; 2-Propanol, 1-3-dichloro-; Dichlorohydrin; Enodrin; Gdch; Glycerol 1,3-dichlorohydrin; Glycerol alpha,gamma-dichlorohydrin; Propylene dichlorohydrin; sym-Dichloroisopropyl alcohol; sym-Glycerol dichlorohydrin; U 25,354; alpha-Propenyldichlorohydrin; s-Dichloroisopropyl alcohol; s-Glycerol dichlorohydrin; [ChemIDplus] UN2750

Category

Halogenated Alcohols

Description

Colorless liquid with an ethereal odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent (hard resins and nitrocellulose), cement for celluloid, binder for watercolors, and intermediate to make photographic and zapon lacquers; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, mucous membrane, and respiratory tract irritant; Toxic by inhalation and ingestion; Harmful by skin absorption; May cause liver injury; [CAMEO] An irritant; May be absorbed through skin; Effects in high-dose animal studies include toxic hepatitis; [MSDSonline] Danger of cutaneous absorption; Carcinogenic for man (Group 2); [MAK]

Reference Link

IARC 2012: 1,3-Dichloro-2-Propanol

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.75 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 125 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash Point = 74 deg C; [HSDB]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: