Agent Name

Ethylene carbonate

Alternative Name

1,3-Dioxolan-2-one

CAS Number

96-49-1

Formula

C3-H4-O3

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1,3-Dioxolan-2-one; 1,3-Dioxacyclopentan-2-one; Cyclic ethylene carbonate; Dioxolone-2; Ethylene carbonic acid; Ethylene glycol carbonate; Ethylene glycol, cyclic carbonate; Ethylenester kyseliny uhlicite [Czech]; Glycol carbonate; Carbonic acid, cyclic ethylene ester; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Other Solvents

Description

Colorless, odorless solid or liquid; [Hawley] Solid below 36.4 deg C, liquid above this temperature; supercools (remains liquid) at temperatures below its melting point; [CHEMINFO] Colorless solidified mass; Soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent for many polymers and resins, a plasticizer, and an intermediate for pharmaceuticals; Also used in the rubber and textile industries; [Hawley] Used as a solvent (surface coatings, plastics, polymers, resins, and lithium-ion battery electrolytes), reactive diluent (urethanes and epoxy resins), dye assistant, plasticizer, water scavenger, foundry sand binder, and chemical intermediate; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

Irritating to eyes and skin; Systemic toxicity following ingestion is probably due to ethylene carbonate being converted into ethylene glycol; [HSDB] A severe eye irritant; [CHEMINFO] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Ethylene glycol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.0098 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 143 deg C; [Hawley]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: