Disease/Syndrome

Acro-osteolysis

Category

Chronic Poisoning

Acute/Chronic

Chronic

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Comments

In the past, some workers heavily exposed to vinyl chloride monomer at 300-500 ppm developed small erosions of the bone usually confined to the distal phalanges. Other areas sometimes affected were the metatarsals, sacroiliac joints, distal clavicles, and the mandible. The disease affected about 1% to 3% of the heavily exposed workers. [Rosenstock, p. 537] This syndrome was seen in workers who cleaned reactor vessels with an attack rate of 10-15 cases per thousand. The syndrome was reported in 7 of 32 plants surveyed and resolved spontaneously after removal from exposure. No new outbreaks have been reported since the early 1970s. [Lewis R. Vinyl Chloride and Polyvinyl Chloride. Occupational Medicine STAR 14(4):719-720, 1999]

Latency/Incubation

Months to years

Diagnostic

X-rays

ICD-9 Code

733.9

Related Information in Haz-Map
Symptoms/Findings

Symptoms/Findings associated with this disease:

Agents

Hazardous agents that cause the occupational disease: