Agent Name

1-Amino-2-propanol

Alternative Name

Isopropanolamine

CAS Number

78-96-6

Formula

C3-H9-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Isopropanolamine; 1-Amino-2-hydroxypropane; 1-Aminopropan-2-ol; 1-Methyl-2-aminoethanol; 2-Amino-1-methylethanol; 2-Hydroxy-1-propylamine; 2-Hydroxypropanamine; 2-Hydroxypropylamine; 2-Propanol, 1-amino-; MIPA; Mono-iso-propanolamine; Monoisopropanolamine; Threamine; alpha-Aminoisopropyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] UN2734

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

Colorless liquid; [ICSC] Mild odor of ammonia; [HSDB] Light yellow liquid with an ammonia-like odor; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an emulsifying agent and in dry cleaning soaps, soluble textile oils, wax removers, metal-cutting oils, cosmetics, emulsion paints, plasticizers, and insecticides; [Hawley] Used as a flavoring agent; [WHO]

Comments

A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema; May be absorbed through skin; [ICSC] External application to rabbit eyes scored 7-9 on a scale of 1-10 (10 being most severe) for degree of injury after 24 hours; [HSDB] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] Corrosive; Harmful by ingestion and skin absorption; May cause corrosive effects to upper respiratory tract if inhaled; [Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.47 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 76.6 deg C; [Hawley] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Amines, liquid, corrosive, flammable, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: