Agent Name

m-Nitrochlorobenzene

CAS Number

121-73-3

Formula

C6-H4-Cl-N-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Chloronitrobenzene; 1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene; 1-Nitro-3-chlorobenzene; 3-Chloro-1-nitrobenzene; Benzene, 1-chloro-3-nitro-; Chloro-m-nitrobenzene; Metachloronitrobenzene; 3-Chloronitrobenzene; [ChemIDplus] UN1578

Category

Nitros, Aromatic

Description

Pale yellow solid; [Merck Index] Pale yellow or light brown crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate for dyes; [HSDB]

Comments

Danger of cutaneous absorption; [MAK] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Can induce methemoglobinemia; Other potential effects are skin sensitization, kidney and liver damage, CNS depression, and chemical pneumonitis; [HSDB] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.09 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash Point = 127 deg C; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Chloronitrobenzenes, solid."

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

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Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: