Agent Name

1-Nitroguanidine

CAS Number

556-88-7

Formula

C-H4-N4-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Guanidine, 1-nitro-; Guanidine, 1-nitro- (wet); Guanidine, nitro-; N''-Nitroguanidine; N(1)-Nitroguanidine; Nitroguanidine; Picrite; Picrite (the explosive); [ChemIDplus] UN0282; UN1336

Category

Other Nitrogen Compounds

Description

Exists as two isomers, needles and plates; [Hawley] Yellow solid; Shipped as a slurry or wet mass; [CAMEO] White powder; [Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in explosives as a flashless propellant powder and as a chemical intermediate; [Hawley] Used in explosives and to make pharmaceuticals; [Merck Index]

Comments

"May explode when shocked or heated." [Hawley] No adverse effects in histopathology, fertility, development, or offspring observed in thre- generation feeding study of rats; [HSDB] May explode from shock, heat, or friction if dry; [CAMEO] Not teratogenic at maternally toxic doses; [REPROTOX] Causes cyanosis in oral lethal-dose studies of rats, mice, and guinea pigs; [RTECS] An irritant; [Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.0E-9 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide to the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitroguanidine or picrite, dry or wetted with <20% water, by mass."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Other Information

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