Agent Name

1-Nitronaphthalene

CAS Number

86-57-7

Formula

C10-H7-N-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Nitronaftalen [Czech]; 1-Nitronaphthaline; Naphthalene, alpha-nitro-; Nitrol; Nitrol (VAN); Nitrol (pesticide); alpha-Nitronaphthalene; [ChemIDplus] UN2538

Category

Nitros, Aromatic

Description

Yellow odorless solid; [HSDB] Light yellow crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make dyes, drugs, perfumes, rubber chemicals, tanning agents, rodenticides, explosives, and naphthylamine; Also used as a corrosion inhibitor and for deblooming petroleum oils; [HSDB]

Comments

May cause irritation; May induce methemoglobinemia; Effects in high-dose animal studies include hepatocellular necrosis; [MSDSonline] Vapors cause lacrimation; [Ullmann] "Nitronaphthalene" is in the ACGIH list of "Industrial Chemicals for Which Methemoglobin Formation is the Principal Cause of Toxicity" [ACGIH]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00048 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 164 deg C; [Hawley]

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Primary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

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Diseases

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