Agent Name

1-Nonanol

Alternative Name

n-Nonyl alcohol

CAS Number

143-08-8

Formula

C9-H20-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

n-Nonyl alcohol; 1-Hydroxynonane; Alcohol C-9; C9 alcohol; Fatty alcohol(C9); Nonalol; Nonanol; Nonyl alcohol; Octyl carbinol; Pelargonic alcohol; n-Nonan-1-ol; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a floral odor; [Hawley] Colorless liquid; Not miscible or difficult to mix in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a fragrance, flavoring agent, chemical intermediate, and to make artificial lemon oil; [HSDB]

Comments

In high-dose animal experiments, causes fatal intoxication, liver injury and kidney injury; [HSDB] An eye irritant; [CAMEO] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Nonanol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.02 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (mice) = 5,500 mg/m3/2h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 74 deg C; [Hawley]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: