Agent Name

Stearyl alcohol

Alternative Name

1-Octadecanol

CAS Number

112-92-5

Formula

C18-H38-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1-Octadecanol; 1-Hydroxyoctadecane; Adol 68; Alcohol stearylicus; Alcohol(C18); Aldol 62; Alfol 18; Atalco S; C18 alcohol; CO-1895; CO-1897; Cachalot S-43; Crodacol-S; Decyl octyl alcohol; Dytol E-46; Fatty alcohol(C18); Lanol S; Lorol 28; Octadecanol; Octadecyl alcohol; Octadecylalkohol; Polaax; Sipol S; Siponol S; Siponol SC; Stearic alcohol; Stearol; Stenol; Steraffine; USP XIII stearyl alcohol; n-1-Octadecanol; n-Octadecanol; n-Octadecyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Alcohols and Polyols, Other

Description

White solid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a substitute for cetyl alcohol in pharmaceutical dispensing; in cosmetic creams and perfumery; in textile oils and finishes; as an antifoam agent; and in lubricants, resins, and surface active agents; Synthetic stearyl alcohol has been approved as a direct and indirect food additive ingredient and as an ingredient in over-the-counter drugs; [HSDB]

Comments

Higher alcohols are not highly toxic in the industrial setting; Can cause liver injury, somnolence, and respiratory depression in experimental animals; [HSDB] Causes somnolence in lethal-dose feeding studies of rats; [RTECS] No listed effects of short-term or long-term exposure; "Health effects of exposure to the substance have been investigated extensively but none have been found." [ICSC] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.7E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 200 deg C; [HSDB]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: