Agent Name

1-Octanol

CAS Number

111-87-5

Formula

C8-H18-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Hydroxyoctane; Alcohol C-8; Alfol 8; C8 alcohol; Caprylic alcohol; Dytol M-83; EPAL 8; Fatty alcohol(C8); Heptyl carbinol; Lorol 20; Octanol; Octilin; Octyl alcohol (natural); Octyl alcohol, normal-primary; Octyl alcohol, primary; Primary octyl alcohol; Sipol L8; n-Caprylic alcohol; n-Octan-1-ol; n-Octanol; n-Octyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] UN1993

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a rose-like or lemon-like odor; [AIHA]

Sources/Uses

Used in perfumery, cosmetics, shampoos, emulsifiers, detergents, and food flavors; Also used as a solvent (esters, coatings, lacquers, printing inks, textile additives, and pesticides), citric acid extractant, frothing agent, antifoaming agent in drilling muds, and growth inhibitor in tobacco production; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; [CAMEO] Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [CHEMINFO] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; A mild skin irritant; [ICSC] An irritant; May cause CNS depression; Targets kidneys, nerves, and liver; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
WEEL

50 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.07 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 5,600 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 81.1 deg C; [Hawley] Odor threshold low = 0.69 mg/m3; High = 0.69 mg/m3; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Combustible liquid, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: