Agent Name

1-Octanol

CAS Number

111-87-5

Formula

C8-H18-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Hydroxyoctane; Alcohol C-8; Alfol 8; C8 alcohol; Caprylic alcohol; Dytol M-83; EPAL 8; Fatty alcohol(C8); Heptyl carbinol; Lorol 20; Octanol; Octilin; Octyl alcohol (natural); Octyl alcohol, normal-primary; Octyl alcohol, primary; Primary octyl alcohol; Sipol L8; n-Caprylic alcohol; n-Octan-1-ol; n-Octanol; n-Octyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] UN1993

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a rose-like or lemon-like odor; [AIHA]

Sources/Uses

Used in perfumery, cosmetics, shampoos, emulsifiers, detergents, and food flavors; Also used as a solvent (esters, coatings, lacquers, printing inks, textile additives, and pesticides), citric acid extractant, frothing agent, antifoaming agent in drilling muds, and growth inhibitor in tobacco production; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; [CAMEO] Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [CHEMINFO] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; A mild skin irritant; [ICSC] An irritant; May cause CNS depression; Targets kidneys, nerves, and liver; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
WEEL

50 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.07 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 5,600 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 81.1 deg C; [Hawley] Odor threshold low = 0.69 mg/m3; High = 0.69 mg/m3; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Combustible liquid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: