Agent Name

Ammonium chloride fume

CAS Number

12125-02-9

Formula

Cl-H4-N

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Amchlor; Ammoneric; Ammonium muriate; Darammon; Sal ammonia; Sal ammoniac; Salammoniate; Salmiac; [CHEMINFO] UN9085

Category

Other Inorganic Compounds

Description

Finely divided, odorless, white particulate dispersed in air; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as a mordant in dyeing, a soldering flux, a fertilizer, and a pickling agent; also used in the dry battery, electroplating, plastics, food processing, and pharmaceutical industries; a large amount of fume may be generated in galvanizing operations; [ACGIH]

Comments

"The substance decomposes on heating or on burning, producing toxic and irritating fumes (nitrogen oxides, ammonia and hydrogen chloride)." A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

10 mg/m3

STEL (ACGIH)

20 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

VP = 1 mmHg @ 321 degrees F;

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: