Agent Name

2,3-Dimethylphenol

CAS Number

526-75-0

Formula

C8-H10-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1-Hydroxy-2,3-dimethylbenzene; 2,3-Xylenol; Benzene, 1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-; Phenol, 2,3-dimethyl-; Vic-o-Xylenol; Xyellenol 100; o-3-Xylenol; o-Xylenol; [ChemIDplus] UN2261

Category

Phenols

Description

Colorless or brown solid; [CAMEO] Crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, antioxidant (gasoline, lubricating oil, and elastomers), and to make coal tar disinfectants and synthetic resins; [HSDB]

Comments

Commercial mixtures are toxic by ingestion and skin absorption; [HSDB] Corrosive to tissues; Inhalation may cause laryngeal spasm, edema of the bronchi, and chemical pneumonitis; May cause injury to liver and kidneys; [CAMEO] May cause burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; May be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] See "Phenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.08 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC (rat) > 85.5 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Xylenols, solid." See "2018 Notice of Intended Changes." [TLVs and BEIs]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: