Agent Name

2,3-Dimethylphenol

CAS Number

526-75-0

Formula

C8-H10-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1-Hydroxy-2,3-dimethylbenzene; 2,3-Xylenol; Benzene, 1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-; Phenol, 2,3-dimethyl-; Vic-o-Xylenol; Xyellenol 100; o-3-Xylenol; o-Xylenol; [ChemIDplus] UN2261

Category

Phenols

Description

Colorless or brown solid; [CAMEO] Crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, antioxidant (gasoline, lubricating oil, and elastomers), and to make coal tar disinfectants and synthetic resins; [HSDB]

Comments

Commercial mixtures are toxic by ingestion and skin absorption; [HSDB] Corrosive to tissues; Inhalation may cause laryngeal spasm, edema of the bronchi, and chemical pneumonitis; May cause injury to liver and kidneys; [CAMEO] May cause burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; May be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] See "Phenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.08 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC (rat) > 85.5 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Xylenols, solid."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: