Agent Name

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol

CAS Number

95-95-4

Formula

C6-H3-Cl3-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2,4,5-TCP; Collunosol; Dowicide 2; Nurelle; Preventol I; TCP; Phenol, 2,4,5-trichloro-; [ChemIDplus] UN2020

Category

Chlorophenols

Description

Colorless to gray solid with a strong odor of phenol; [HSDB] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a fungicide, bactericide, and disinfectant (in cooling towers, paper and pulp mills, hide and leather processing, and veterinary medicine); Also used as a preservative (adhesives, synthetic textiles, rubber, wood, and paints) and adsorbent in microbial production of vitamin B12; Commercial production in Japan ceased in 1971; Dow ceased production in 1979, Vertac in 1983; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause kidney and liver injury; [ICSC] May cause corneal injury, seizures, liver and kidney injury, and hyperthermia; [CAMEO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions or effect on seizure threshold; [MSDSonline] See "CHLOROPHENOLS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.008 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Chlorophenols, solid."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Other Poison

Uncoupler

Dermatotoxin

Chloracne

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: