Agent Name

2,4-Dinitroaniline

CAS Number

97-02-9

Formula

C6-H5-N3-O4

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Amino-2,4-dinitrobenzene; 2,4-Dinitraniline; 2,4-Dinitroanilin [German]; 2,4-Dinitroanilina [Italian]; 2,4-Dinitrobenzenamine; 2,4-Dinitrophenylamine; Aniline, 2,4-dinitro-; Benzenamine, 2,4-dinitro-; [ChemIDplus] UN1596

Category

Other Aromatics (Nitrogen)

Description

Yellow or greenish-yellow solid; [Merck Index] Yellow powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate for azo pigments, toner pigment in printing inks, and corrosion inhibitor; [Hawley]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Can induce methemoglobinemia; May be absorbed through skin; [ICSC] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Oral administration to rats induces methemoglobinemia (weak effect); Inhalation of 17 mg/m3/4hr/day in the first week of pregnancy caused increased embryo mortality and decreased embryo length in rats; Emergency treatment: "Aniline"; Aniline can induce methemoglobinemia and secondary hemolytic anemia and liver damage. [HSDB] Explosive; A skin and mucous membrane irritant; [CAMEO] Very toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and skin contact; [eChemPortal: ESIS] An irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; May induce methemoglobinemia; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.68E-5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 170 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 223 deg C; [Hawley] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Dinitroanilines."

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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