Agent Name

2,4-Dinitroaniline

CAS Number

97-02-9

Formula

C6-H5-N3-O4

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Amino-2,4-dinitrobenzene; 2,4-Dinitraniline; 2,4-Dinitroanilin [German]; 2,4-Dinitroanilina [Italian]; 2,4-Dinitrobenzenamine; 2,4-Dinitrophenylamine; Aniline, 2,4-dinitro-; Benzenamine, 2,4-dinitro-; [ChemIDplus] UN1596

Category

Other Aromatics (Nitrogen)

Description

Yellow or greenish-yellow solid; [Merck Index] Yellow powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate for azo pigments, toner pigment in printing inks, and corrosion inhibitor; [Hawley]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Can induce methemoglobinemia; May be absorbed through skin; [ICSC] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Oral administration to rats induces methemoglobinemia (weak effect); Inhalation of 17 mg/m3/4hr/day in the first week of pregnancy caused increased embryo mortality and decreased embryo length in rats; Emergency treatment: "Aniline"; Aniline can induce methemoglobinemia and secondary hemolytic anemia and liver damage. [HSDB] Explosive; A skin and mucous membrane irritant; [CAMEO] Very toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and skin contact; [eChemPortal: ESIS] An irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; May induce methemoglobinemia; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.68E-5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 170 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 223 deg C; [Hawley] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Dinitroanilines."

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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