Agent Name

2,5-Dichlorophenol

CAS Number

583-78-8

Formula

C6-H4-Cl2-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Phenol, 2,5-dichloro-; [ChemIDplus] 1-Hydroxy-2,5-dichlorobenzene; [ICSC] 2,5-DCP; [CAMEO] UN2020

Category

Chlorophenols

Description

Colorless solid; [ICSC] Crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate for the herbicide 3,6-dichloro-o-anisic acid (Dicamba); [HSDB]

Comments

A severe skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause chloracne; [ICSC] Prolonged contact corrosive to eyes; May cause skin burns, hyperthermia, methemoglobinemia, liver and kidney damage, and convulsions; [CAMEO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions; [MSDSonline] See "CHLOROPHENOLS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.06 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 185,000 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Chlorophenols, solid."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.