Agent Name

2,5-Dimethylphenol

Alternative Name

2,5-Xylenol

CAS Number

95-87-4

Formula

C8-H10-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2,5-Xylenol; 1,2,5-Xylenol; 1,4-Dimethyl-2-hydroxybenzene; 1-Hydroxy-2,5-dimethylbenzene; 2,5-DMP; 3,6-Dimethylphenol; 3,6-Xylenol; 6-Methyl-m-cresol; Phenol, 2,5-dimethyl-; p-Xylenol; [ChemIDplus] UN2261

Category

Phenols

Description

Colorless to off-white solid; [CAMEO] Needles; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make phenolic resins and (in isomeric mixtures) as an antioxidant for lubricating oils, gasoline, and elastomers; [HSDB]

Comments

Causes ataxia and convulsions in lethal-dose feeding studies; [RTECS] Corrosive to tissues; Inhalation may cause laryngeal spasm, edema of the bronchi, and chemical pneumonitis; May induce methemoglobinemia; Chronic exposure may cause liver and kidney damage; [CAMEO] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] Toxic by ingestion and skin contact; May cause burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; May be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] See "Phenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.15 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Xylenols, solid."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: