Agent Name

Benzoyl peroxide

Alternative Name

Dibenzoyl peroxide

CAS Number

94-36-0

Formula

C14-H10-O4

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Dibenzoyl peroxide; Abcat 40; Acetoxyl; Acne-Aid Cream; Acnegel; Akneroxid 5; Akneroxide L; Aksil 5; Asidopan; Aztec BPO; B 75W; BPO; BZF-60; Benbel C; Benox 50; Benoxyl; Benoxyl (5&10) Lotion; Benzac; Benzac W; Benzagel; Benzagel 10; Benzaknen; Benzashave; Benzoic acid, peroxide; Benzol peroxide; Benzoperoxide; Benzoyl peroxide; Benzoyl superoxide; Benzoylperoxid [German]; Benzoylperoxyde [Dutch]; Brevoxyl; Cadat BPO; Cadox 40E; Cadox B; Cadox B 40E; Cadox B 50P; Cadox B 70W; Cadox B-CH 50; Cadox BS; Chaloxyd BP 50FT; Clear By Design; Clearasil Antibacterial Acne Lotion; Clearasil BP Acne Treatment Cream; Debroxide; Desanden; Desquam E; Desquam X; Dibenzoyl peroxide; Dibenzoylperoxid [German]; Dibenzoylperoxyde [Dutch]; Diphenylglyoxal peroxide; Dry and Clear; Duresthin 5; Eloxyl; Epi Clear Antiseptic Lotion; Epi-Clear; Fostex; G 20; Garox; Incidol; Loroxide; Lucidol; Lucidol (peroxide); Lucidol 50P; Lucidol B 50; Lucidol G 20; Lucidol KL 50; Lucidol-70; Luperco AA; Luperco AST; Luperox FL; Mytolac; Nayper B and BO; Nayper bo; Norox bzp-250; Norox bzp-C-35; Novadelox; Oxy-10; Oxy-10 Cover; Oxy-5; Oxylite; PanOxyl; Perossido di benzoile [Italian]; Peroxide, dibenzoyl; Peroxyde de benzoyle [French]; Persa-Gel; Persadox; Quinolor compound; Resdan Akne; Stri-dex B.P.; Superox 744; Theraderm; Topex; Vanoxide; Xerac; epi-Cle; [ChemIDplus] UN2088

Category

Peroxides, Organic

Description

Colorless to white crystals or a granular powder with a faint, benzaldehyde-like odor; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as a catalyst in polymer production, e.g., acrylates, and an oxidizer to bleach flour and other foods; [ACGIH]

Comments

Benzoyl peroxide is a skin irritant and infrequent sensitizer. It may cause allergic contact dermatitis in dentists using acrylate cements and in bakers handling bleached flour. [Marks, p. 188] If left on clothes, can cause reddening of the skin; [CHRIS] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC]

Reference Link

NIOSH Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards: Benzoyl peroxide

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

5 mg/m3

PEL (OSHA)

5 mg/m3

MAK

5 mg/m3, inhalable fraction

IDLH (NIOSH)

1500 mg/m3

Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs

Human data: Concentrations of 12 mg/m3 and higher have resulted in pronounced irritation of the nose and throat [Moskowitz and Grabois 1950].

Vapor Pressure

7.06E-5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (mice) = 7,000 mg/m3/4H

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 176 deg F;

Half Life

No reports found; [TDR, p. 174]

Reference Link

ICSC: Benzoyl peroxide

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: