Agent Name

2,6-Dimethylphenol

Alternative Name

2,6-Xylenol

CAS Number

576-26-1

Formula

C8-H10-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2,6-Xylenol; 1-Hydroxy-2,6-dimethylbenzene; 2,6-DMP; 2-Hydroxy-1,3-dimethylbenzene; Phenol, 2,6-dimethyl-; Vic-m-xylenol; Xylenol 235; [ChemIDplus] UN2261

Category

Phenols

Description

Colorless to off-white solid; [CAMEO] White crystalline powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate in organic synthesis; [HSDB]

Comments

Irritating to eyes; [HSDB] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] Corrosive to tissues; Inhalation may cause laryngeal spasm, edema of the bronchi, and chemical pneumonitis; Chronic exposure may cause liver and kidney damage [CAMEO] Toxic by ingestion, and skin contact; May cause burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis and edema; May be absorbed through skin; Effects in high-dose animal studies include general anesthesia, convulsions or effect on seizure threshold, and impaired liver function; [MSDSonline] See "Phenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.27 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 73 deg C; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Xylenols, solid." See "2018 Notice of Intended Changes." [TLVs and BEIs]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.