Agent Name

2,6-Dinitrophenol

CAS Number

573-56-8

Formula

C6-H4-N2-O5

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2,6-DNP; 2,6-Dinitrofenol [Czech]; Phenol, 2,6-dinitro-; o-Dinitrophenol; [ChemIDplus] UN1320; UN0076

Category

Nitrophenols

Description

Light yellow solid; [Merck Index] Yellow powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an indicator, lumber preservative, and to make dyes, explosives, photographic developers, and other organic chemicals; [HSDB]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [CHRIS] Emergency treatment: "Dinitro phenol group"; A mucous membrane irritant; Can induce methemoglobinemia; [HSDB] Toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and skin contact; [eChemPortal: ESIS] An irritant; Readily absorbed through skin; Disrupts oxidative phosphorylation; May cause liver damage; [MSDSonline] See "Dinitrophenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.2E-5 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Dinitrophenol, wetted with not less than 15% water, by weight".

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Other Poison

Uncoupler

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: