Agent Name

2-Amino-2-methyl-1-propanol

CAS Number

124-68-5

Formula

C4-H11-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,1-Dimethyl-2-hydroxyethylamine; 1-Propanol, 2-amino-2-methyl-; 2-Amino-1-hydroxy-2-methylpropane; 2-Amino-2,2-dimethylethanol; 2-Amino-2-methylpropan-1-ol; 2-Amino-2-methylpropanol; 2-Aminodimethylethanol; 2-Aminoisobutanol; 2-Hydroxymethyl-2-propylamine; 2-Methyl-2-aminopropanol; 2-Methyl-2-aminopropanol-1; AMP; AMP (thinner); AMP 75; AMP 95; AMP Regular; Aminomethylpropanol; AMP-95; Corrguard 75; Hydroxy-tert-butylamine; Isobutanol-2-amine; KV 5088; beta-Aminoisobutanol; [ChemIDplus] Isobutanolamine; [ICSC]

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

Solid; mp = 30-31 deg C; Commercial form may be thick liquid; [Merck Index] Colorless viscous liquid; mp = 24-28 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make other chemicals (surface-active agents, vulcanization accelerators, and pharmaceuticals) and as an emulsifying agent for cosmetic creams and lotions, mineral oil and paraffin wax emulsions, leather dressings, textile specialties, polishes, cleaning compounds, and so-called soluble oils; Also used in hair sprays, wave sets, hair dyes, Pamabrom (drug), and absorbents for acidic gases; [Merck Index] Used as a pigment dispersant for water-based paints, resin solubilizer, corrosion inhibitor, protecting agent for carbonyl groups and in boiler-water treatment; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

Corrosive to the eyes; A respiratory tract and severe skin irritant; May cause liver injury if ingested; [ICSC] May cause skin irritation after prolonged contact; Emergency treatment: Irritants; [HSDB] Highly irritating or corrosive to rabbit skin; Not sensitizing to guinea pig skin in the Buehler Test; Histopathological changes to liver observed in 28-day and 3-month feeding studies of dogs; [IUCLID] Irritating to skin; May be corrosive to eye; Harmful to aquatic organisms; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

1 ppm

Vapor Pressure

1 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 67 deg C; [ICSC]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: