Agent Name

t-Butyl bromide

Alternative Name

2-Bromo-2-methylpropane

CAS Number

507-19-7

Formula

C4-H9-Br

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2-Bromo-2-methylpropane; 2-Bromoisobutane; Bromotrimethylmethane; Propane, 2-bromo-2-methyl-; Tertiarybutyl bromide; Trimethylbromomethane; tert-Butyl bromide; [ChemIDplus] UN2342

Category

Halogenated Aliphatics, Saturated

Description

Colorless liquid; [Merck Index] Colorless to yellow-brown liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a laboratory reagent for organic synthesis; [HSDB]

Comments

Caused local irritation and necrosis to skin of mice and eyes of rabbits; Positive results in mutagenicity test; Emergency medical treatment: see "2-Bromopropane." [HSDB] Tumorigenic; [RTECS] Highly flammable; May cause irritation or burns to skin and eyes; [CAMEO]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

135 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 18.3 deg C; [eChemPortal: ERMA] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Bromomethylpropanes."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: