Agent Name

2-Chloro-2-nitropropane

CAS Number

594-71-8

Formula

C3-H6-Cl-N-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Propane, 2-chloro-2-nitro-; [ChemIDplus] UN1993

Category

Nitros, Aliphatic

Description

Colorless to slightly yellow liquid; [CAMEO]

Comments

Highly poisonous via oral, inhalation, or dermal routes; Toxicity expected to be similar to that of 1-chloro-1-nitropropane; At lethal doses, animals have acute pulmonary edema, and jaundice reported in animal that survived for 8 days after a lethal dose; [HSDB] Acts as general anesthetic in lethal dose inhalation studies of mice; [RTECS] May cause eye irritation and CNS depression; [CAMEO] An eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization based on QSAR modeling; Harmful by ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption; [Aldrich MSDS] See "1-Chloro-1-nitropropane."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

8.5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (mice) = 55,000 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 57 deg C; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Combustible liquid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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