Agent Name

2-Ethylhexanol

CAS Number

104-76-7

Formula

C8-H18-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Hexanol, 2-ethyl-; 2-Aethylhexanol [German]; 2-Ethyl-1-hexanol; 2-Ethylhexyl alcohol; Alcohol, 2-ethylhexyl; Ethylhexanol; Octyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used as a plasticizer, defoaming agent, wetting agent, solvent (nitrocellulose, paints, lacquers, and baking finishes), and textile finishing compound; Also used in inks, rubber, paper, lubricants, photography, and dry cleaning; [Hawley]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations may cause CNS effects; [ICSC] An irritant; May cause severe injury to eyes; Effects in high-dose animal studies include degenerative changes to brain; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

10 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.36 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.07 ppm

Odor Threshold High

0.13 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LC (rat) > 2,000 ppm/6h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 81 deg C; [Merck Index] Odor threshold from CHEMINFO;

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: