Agent Name

2-Methyl-2-butanol

Alternative Name

tert-Amyl alcohol

CAS Number

75-85-4

Formula

C5-H12-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

tert-Amyl alcohol; 1,1-Dimethyl-1-propanol; 2-Butanol, 2-methyl-; 2-Methyl butanol-2; 3-Methyl-butanol-(3) [German]; 3-Methylbutan-3-ol; Amylalkohol, tertiaerer; Amylene hydrate; Amylenum hydratum; Dimethyl ethyl carbinol; Dimethylethylcarbinol; Ethyl dimethyl carbinol; Ethyldimethylcarbinol; t-Amyl alcohol; t-Pentyl alcohol; tert-Pentanol; tert-Pentyl alcohol; tert-n-Amyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] UN1105

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with an odor of camphor; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent in flavors, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitors, resins, gums, coating materials, and other chemicals; Also used in organic synthesis and as a frothing agent (ore flotation), surfactant (petroleum recovery), and stabilizing agent; [HSDB]

Comments

Dangerous fire risk; [Hawley] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations may cause CNS effects; [HSDB] An irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

16.8 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 5,700 ppm/6h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 19 deg C; [Merck Index] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Amyl alcohols."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: