Agent Name

2-Methyl-2-butanol

Alternative Name

tert-Amyl alcohol

CAS Number

75-85-4

Formula

C5-H12-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

tert-Amyl alcohol; 1,1-Dimethyl-1-propanol; 2-Butanol, 2-methyl-; 2-Methyl butanol-2; 3-Methyl-butanol-(3) [German]; 3-Methylbutan-3-ol; Amylalkohol, tertiaerer; Amylene hydrate; Amylenum hydratum; Dimethyl ethyl carbinol; Dimethylethylcarbinol; Ethyl dimethyl carbinol; Ethyldimethylcarbinol; t-Amyl alcohol; t-Pentyl alcohol; tert-Pentanol; tert-Pentyl alcohol; tert-n-Amyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] UN1105

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with an odor of camphor; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent in flavors, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitors, resins, gums, coating materials, and other chemicals; Also used in organic synthesis and as a frothing agent (ore flotation), surfactant (petroleum recovery), and stabilizing agent; [HSDB]

Comments

Dangerous fire risk; [Hawley] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations may cause CNS effects; [HSDB] An irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

16.8 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 5,700 ppm/6h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 19 deg C; [Merck Index] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Amyl alcohols."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: