Agent Name

2-Methylpentanedinitrile

CAS Number

4553-62-2

Formula

C6-H8-N2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,3-Dicyanobutane; 2,4-Dicyanobutane; 2-Methyl-1,5-valerodinitrile; Diacrylonitrile; Glutaronitrile, alpha-methyl-; Methyl glutaronitrile; Methylglutaronitrile; alpha-Methylglutarsaeuredinitril [German]; 1,5-Valerodinitrile, 2-methyl-; Pentanedinitrile, 2-methyl-; Glutaronitrile, 2-methyl-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitriles

Description

A colorless, odorless liquid; [ChemIDplus] Amber liquid; [CAMEO] Deep brown clear liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent and intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals; [HSDB]

Comments

Emergency treatment: "Acetonitrile"; Can cause delayed onset (2-13 hours) cyanide poisoning; [HSDB] Causes convulsions at lethal doses; [RTECS] An irritant; Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; [Aldrich MSDS] See "NITRILES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.0051 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 149 ppm/4Hr

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 98 deg C; [HPVIS]

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: