Agent Name

Bromine pentafluoride

CAS Number

7789-30-2

Formula

Br-F5

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Bromine fluoride; [NIOSH] UN1745

Category

Oxidizers

Description

Colorless to pale-yellow, fuming liquid with a pungent odor; Note: A colorless gas above 105 degrees F. Shipped as a compressed gas; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used to produce fluorocarbons and as an oxidizer in rocket fuels; [ACGIH]

Comments

Skin or eye contact can cause "painful, deep-seated, long-lasting burns." In animal studies, bromine trifluoride produces elevated fluoride levels and severe lung irritation and pneumonitis; [ACGIH] Animals exposed chronically to > 3 ppm have liver, kidney, and respiratory injury; [HSDB] A corrosive substance that can cause pulmonary edema; May cause fluorosis; [ICSC] See "FLUORIDES."

Reference Link

NIOSH Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards: Bromine pentafluoride

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TIH

Yes

Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 ppm

IDLH (NIOSH)

2 ppm

Vapor Pressure

328 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Some Water Reactive Materials are also TIH materials themselves: Bromine pentafluoride; [ERG 2016]

Reference Link

ICSC: Bromine pentafluoride

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: