Agent Name

2-Pyrrolidone

CAS Number

616-45-5

Formula

C4-H7-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2-Ketopyrrolidine; 2-Oxopyrrolidine; 2-Pyrol; 2-Pyrrolidinone; 4-Aminobutyric acid lactam; Butanoic acid, 4-amino-, lactam; Butyrolactam; LAM; Pyrrolidon [German]; Pyrrolidone; alpha-Pyrrolidinone; gamma-Aminobutyric acid lactam; gamma-Aminobutyric lactam; gamma-Aminobutyrolactam; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Other Nitrogen Compounds

Description

Light-yellow liquid; [Hawley] Colorless liquid; mp = 23-25 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate in the manufacture of polyvinylpyrrolidone and polypyrrolidone (a polymer, formed in presence of alkaline catalysts); as high-boiling solvent in petroleum processing and acrylonitrile manufacture; in specialty printers inks; as an industrial solvent for polymers, chlordane, DDT, sorbitol, glycerol, iodine, and sugars; as plasticizer and coalescing agent for acrylic-styrene emulsion-type floor polishes; as a chemical intermediate for n-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone and nylon 4 fibers; as a monomer for copolymers with vinyl compounds; as constituent of pharmaceutical preparations; for polyhydroxylic alcohols and ethyl acetate; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00949 mm Hg

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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