Agent Name

3,5-Dichlorophenol

CAS Number

591-35-5

Formula

C6-H4-Cl2-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Phenol, 3,5-dichloro-; [ChemIDplus] 1-Hydroxy-3,5-dichlorobenzene; [ICSC] 3,5-DCP; [CAMEO] UN2020

Category

Chlorophenols

Description

Colorless solid; [ICSC] Yellowish solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

A metabolite of polychlorinated phenol and benzene hexachloride pesticides; Found in chlorinated waste water; Used as a research chemical; [HSDB]

Comments

A severe skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause chloracne; [ICSC] Adverse effects may include skin burns, methemoglobinemia, liver injury, kidney injury, and convulsions; [CAMEO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions or effect on seizure threshold; [MSDSonline] See "CHLOROPHENOLS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.08 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Chlorophenols, solid."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Chloracne

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: