Agent Name

3,5-Dimethylphenol

Alternative Name

3,5-Xylenol

CAS Number

108-68-9

Formula

C8-H10-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,3,5-Xylenol; 1-Hydroxy-3,5-dimethylbenzene; 3,5-DMP; Benzene, 1,3-dimethyl-5-hydroxy-; Phenol, 3,5-dimethyl-; sym-m-Xylenol; Xylenol 200; [ChemIDplus] UN2261

Category

Phenols

Description

White to yellow solid; [ICSC] Hygroscopic; [CAMEO] Yellow crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate for biocides, antioxidants, pharmaceuticals, herbicides, phenolic resins, Metaxalone (muscle relaxant), and methyl carbamate derivatives for insecticides; [HSDB]

Comments

Causes ataxia and muscle contraction/spasticity in lethal-dose testing of mice; [RTECS] Toxic by ingestion; A severe eye irritant; [HSDB] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin and eyes; A respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; May be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] See "Phenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.04 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC (rat) > 4 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold = 4.10E-5 mg/m3 (detection in air); [HSDB] Flash point = 80 deg C; [ICSC] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Xylenols, solid."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.