Agent Name

3-Aminophenol

CAS Number

591-27-5

Formula

C6-H7-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Amino-3-hydroxybenzene; 3-Amino-1-hydroxybenzene; 3-Hydroxyaniline; BASF Ursol EG; C.I. 76545; C.I. Oxidation Base 7; CI 76545; CI Oxidation Base 7; Fouramine EG; Fourrine 65; Fourrine EG; Furro EG; Futramine EG; Nako TEG; Pelagol EG; Phenol, 3-amino-; Phenol, m-amino-; Renal EG; Tertral EG; Ursol EG; Zoba EG; m-Aminofenol [Czech]; m-Aminophenol; m-Hydroxyaminobenzene; m-Hydroxyaniline; m-Hydroxyphenylamine; [ChemIDplus] UN2512

Category

Amino Phenols

Description

White solid; [Hawley] Off-white flakes; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals; Also used as a stabilizer of chlorine-containing thermoplastics; a hair colorant; a fur dye; and an ingredient in chelating resins for removing heavy metal ions from industrial waste water (Japan); [HSDB] Used as a dye intermediate; [Merck Index]

Comments

A mutagen, reproductive effector, and moderate eye irritant; Causes spastic paralysis in lethal-dose feeding studies of rats; [RTECS] Emergency treatment: Methemoglobinemia; Irritating to skin and eyes; [HSDB] A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; [CAMEO] Danger of skin sensitization; [MAK]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00955 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 1,162 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Aminophenols."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: