Agent Name

3-Chloropropanonitrile

Alternative Name

beta-Chloropropionitrile

CAS Number

542-76-7

Formula

C3-H4-Cl-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

beta-Chloropropionitrile; 1-Chloro-2-cyanoethane; 3-Chloropropanenitrile; 3-Chloropropionitrile; 3-Chlorpropannitril [Czech]; Propanenitrile, 3-chloro-; Propionitrile, 3-chloro-; [ChemIDplus] UN3276

Category

Nitriles

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used in pharmaceutical and polymer synthesis; [Merck Index]

Comments

No poisoning cases reported, but expected to be similar to cyanide poisoning from propionitrile with rapid loss of consciousness; [HSDB] Absorbed through skin causing systemic cyanide poisoning; [Merck Index] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "NITRILES."

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Vapor Pressure

2.77 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 75.5 deg C; [Merck Index] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitriles, toxic, liquid, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: