Agent Name

3-Chloropropanonitrile

Alternative Name

beta-Chloropropionitrile

CAS Number

542-76-7

Formula

C3-H4-Cl-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

beta-Chloropropionitrile; 1-Chloro-2-cyanoethane; 3-Chloropropanenitrile; 3-Chloropropionitrile; 3-Chlorpropannitril [Czech]; Propanenitrile, 3-chloro-; Propionitrile, 3-chloro-; [ChemIDplus] UN3276

Category

Nitriles

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used in pharmaceutical and polymer synthesis; [Merck Index]

Comments

No poisoning cases reported, but expected to be similar to cyanide poisoning from propionitrile with rapid loss of consciousness; [HSDB] Absorbed through skin causing systemic cyanide poisoning; [Merck Index] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "NITRILES."

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Vapor Pressure

2.77 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 75.5 deg C; [Merck Index] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitriles, toxic, liquid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: