Agent Name

3-Methylpentane

CAS Number

96-14-0

Formula

C6-H14

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Diethylmethylmethane; Pentane, 3-methyl-; [ChemIDplus] UN1208

Category

Aliphatics, Saturated (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent and to make other organic chemicals; [Hawley] Used as solvent (vegetable oils, glues, coatings, and paints); Occur in gasoline, rubber solvent, and petroleum ether; [ACGIH]

Comments

Causes narcosis in mice at 30,000 ppm in 30-60 minutes; Unlike n-Hexane, it is not converted in the body into metabolites that cause peripheral neuropathy. Use the lower TLV of n-Hexane when commercial preparations contain >5% n-Hexane. [ACGIH] Fire hazard; [Hawley] An eye irritant; [MSDSonline] See "n-Hexane."

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

500 ppm

STEL (ACGIH)

1000 ppm

MAK

500 ppm

Vapor Pressure

190 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = -6.6 deg C; [Hawley] The Guide from the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Hexanes."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: