Agent Name

3-Nitrophenol

CAS Number

554-84-7

Formula

C6-H5-N-O3

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

3-Hydroxynitrobenzene; Phenol, 3-nitro-; Phenol, m-nitro-; m-Hydroxynitrobenzene; m-Nitrofenol [Czech]; m-Nitrophenol; [ChemIDplus] UN1663

Category

Nitrophenols

Description

Yellow solid; [Hawley] Yellow powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a pH indicator and a fungicide to control mold/mildew, dry rot, and dry rot fungi on leather, leather surfaces, and leather products; Also used to make dyestuffs and other intermediates; [HSDB]

Comments

A mutagen and severe eye irritant; Causes weakness and coma in subcutaneous, lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] Emergency treatment: "Phenol and related agents"; A skin irritant; A severe eye irritant; [HSDB] An irritant; May cause serious injury to eyes; [MSDSonline] See "4-Nitrophenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.1 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold = 3.0 mg/m3 (in air); [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitrophenols."

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: