Agent Name

3-Nitrophenol

CAS Number

554-84-7

Formula

C6-H5-N-O3

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

3-Hydroxynitrobenzene; Phenol, 3-nitro-; Phenol, m-nitro-; m-Hydroxynitrobenzene; m-Nitrofenol [Czech]; m-Nitrophenol; [ChemIDplus] UN1663

Category

Nitrophenols

Description

Yellow solid; [Hawley] Yellow powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a pH indicator and a fungicide to control mold/mildew, dry rot, and dry rot fungi on leather, leather surfaces, and leather products; Also used to make dyestuffs and other intermediates; [HSDB]

Comments

A mutagen and severe eye irritant; Causes weakness and coma in subcutaneous, lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] Emergency treatment: "Phenol and related agents"; A skin irritant; A severe eye irritant; [HSDB] An irritant; May cause serious injury to eyes; [MSDSonline] See "4-Nitrophenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.1 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold = 3.0 mg/m3 (in air); [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitrophenols."

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: