Agent Name

3-Pentenenitrile

CAS Number

4635-87-4

Formula

C5-H7-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Cyano-2-butene; 3-Pentenonitrile; Crotyl cyanide; [CAMEO] UN1993

Category

Nitriles

Description

A colorless to amber liquid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in the manufacture of organic chemicals; [CAMEO]

Comments

An eye irritant; Emergency treatment: "Propionitrile"; Propionitrile can cause cyanide poisoning with rapid loss of consciousness; [HSDB] Mild irritant in eye of rabbit; [RTECS] "Prolonged exposure may result in delayed cyanide poisoning." [CAMEO] See "NITRILES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.05 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 420 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 40 deg C; [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

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Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: